As of January 2010, we at Shockwave-Sound.com
are pleased to announce that we are introducing a new level of audio quality
for royalty free music users. We're releasing all our new music -- and
some of our back catalogue -- as High Definition, 24-bit WAV audio files.
It has been almost 10 years since our launch in March 2000,
and in that time there has been a general move towards bigger, better
media. Video has moved from standard resolution to high definition. File
sizes have grown tenfold, and both professional and consumer oriented
media production programs have become better and better equipped to deal
with images, video and audio of higher and higher resolutions.
As I'm writing this, there are no other royalty-free music
shops or sites that offer high definition 24-bit stock music, that I'm
aware of. Doubtlessly, others will follow. Pretty much the same thing
happened about 5-6 years ago when we were the first to start selling uncompressed
WAV files in full CD-quality while the norm was that royalty-free music
generally came as MP3 or, on Audio-CDs that you had to wait for and receive
them physically by post.
What is High Definition Audio?
I'm not going to turn this into a very complex discussion
on 'audiophile' issues but I would like to take one minute to talk about
what the difference between a "regular" 16-bit WAV file and
a "high definition" 24-bit WAV file means.
As we know, audio exists as fluctuations in pressure, or
"sound waves". These waves are really completely analogue, meaning
that they are "natural" and soft sound waves that moves through
The concept of "sampling" audio means that we
capture a series of "moments" in the sound wave, and each time
we capture that moment, we store that moment as a number in RAM (or on
hard disk). When we talk about 44100 Hz (or 44.1 khz) sampling rate, we
mean that we "capture the moment" in the sound wave 44100 times
We can then re-create the audio by playing back all these
"captured moments" in the same order they were captured. This
is how we "sample" a sound and play back the sample.
Take a look at this illustraton:
The number of times per second that we capture the sound
is known as the sample rate. The more often we capture
the sound, the higher the sample rate, and the more "naturally"
we'll be able to capture the true sound wave. This is illustrated along
the horizontal line above
Now, the other value that's worth noticing here is the vertical
scale. The finer the resolution of this scale, the more accurately we
are able to capture each moment of sound. This value is known as the bit
depth and like the sample rate, it determines how close to the
original, true sound wave we are able to recreate the sampled sound.
Here comes the science part...
Why is the bit depth so important? Because the higher the
bit depth, the more precise each sample can be measured. It's
no good sampling the sound 100,000 times second if, every time the sound
value is stored, it cannot be stored using a precise value.
With a bit depth of 16, each sample can be stored by using
a number from -32,768 to +32,768. That's 65,536 possible different values
that each sample can have.
And with a bit depth of 24, each sample can be stored using
any value from -8,388,608 to +8,388,608. That's a total of 16,777,216
different values that each sample can be stored at.
The aging CD (Compact Disc) standard
The good old Compact Disc, launched in the 1980's, set a very strong
standard when it came on the market. The Compact Disc (CD) operated with
a sample rate of 44100 Hz (44.1 Khz) and a bit depth of 16. This is why,
to this date, we always refer to "CD quality sound", when we
mean that the sound has been captured 44100 times per second, with 16-bit
depth (i.e. values between -32,768 and +32,768 each sample). Audio folks
also refer to this as (16-bit 44khz), or simply 16/44.
Since then, new technologies have implemented higher sample-rates,
such as 48 Khz (48000 samples per second), 96 Khz, or even 192 Khz in
some extreme cases. And these days, even cheap video and audio processing
software can easily handle 24-bit audio. However, the "CD quality"
audio at 16-bit, 44.1-khz is stubborn! It has dug its way into our psyche
as "full CD quality", as if in some way, that's the best we'll
Today, though, more and more people work at 24-bit. Most
of our contributing music composers/producers have already produced their
music at 24-bit for a couple of years. It's just that we, like others,
have actually downgraded the audio to 16/44 before putting it up for sale.
Why? Well, file sizes for one. A file at 24-bit is 50% larger
than a file at 16-bit. So whereas stereo audio data 16/44 uses approximately
10 MB per minute of audio, 24-bit is up to about 15 MB per minute. And
if you also increase the sample rate from 44.1 khz to 48 khz, then you're
increasing the file size by another 10% or so on top of that, so then
you're up to approx. 17 MB per minute of audio.
But that's not all. Because we also have to cater for those
who cannot use the 24-bit file, we have to include the 16-bit file too.
So that's another 10 MB per minute of audio, and now we're up to about
27 MB for each minute of audio.
For a 5-minute music track, delivered in 24/48 and in 16/44
you're looking at around 135 MB file size.
The Terrabytes are flying...
That's not peanuts, when you consider that a music library
such as ours have thousands of music tracks, often times also
available in several different versions, mixes, cuts and edits. If this
5-minute audio track is also available in three different mixes (say,
a version without vocal and a version without drums?), then you'd be up
to an incredible 405 MB of files, just for this 5 minute track. And we
still haven't counted the loops!
It goes without saying, the demand for web server space
is enormous (Terrabytes are flying!) and the same goes for the traffic
volumes (i.e. the amount of data that has to travel from our server to
all the thousands of people who use the website and download audio).
Nevertheless, we are now moving to 24-bit, and you'll see
all our new music coming up on the site in 24-bit. We'll also try to work
our way through some of the back catalogue and, where possible, add 24-bit
files to the webserver. This will take time, though, as we're pretty much
already working flat-out here and, we ask for your understanding that
not all the older music on our site was actually ever produced in 24-bit.
Some of it was recorded, mixed and mastered in 16-bit from the beginning,
and in those cases, it would be pointless to add 24-bit files. We won't
convert a 16-bit sound file up to 24-bit. We'll only offer 24-bit files
where the music has actually been produced in 24-bit from the beginning.
In some cases, you'll see that some versions of the track
(for example, "full length version") is available in 24-bit,
but the other versions (such as "set of music loops") is only
available in 16-bit. This probably means that the composer/producer sent
us his track in 16-bit. We then used that 16-bit file to create the loops.
Now, when we later asked the composer/producer to send us the 24-bit file,
he sent only the regular, full-length version. And it would be a pretty
hopeless task for us to edit the same versions/cuts/loops again. So -
in this case we'll simply add the 24-bit file of the normal full-length
version, whereas the other "edited versions" (60-secs, 30-secs,
loops) remain only in 16-bit.
16-bit files also still included
Not all software can handle 24-bit software. I believe, for example,
Windows Media Player cannot play a 24-bit sound file. Because of this,
we will always include the 16-bit file as well.
That's why, when you see a version described on our site as (wav+wav24)
it means that the download is actually a .zip file which, when opened,
you'll find two WAV files inside. One WAV file is at 16-bit, 44.1 khz
(good old trusty "CD-quality") and another WAV file is at 24-bit,
and either 44.1 khz or 48-khz.
We hope, and think, that this can help your project sound better! Thanks